Placed 186th out of 188 countries in 2018, Chad has one of the lowest Human Development Index rankings globally. Each year, about 2.6 million people in Chad are food insecure and 1 million are in a state of crisis. One of three focuses area of the 2014–2020 National Indicative Programme of the 11th European Development Fund, Food Security, Nutrition and Rural Development aims to significantly reduce chronic food and nutritional deficiencies in Chad (subsequently measured by the prevalence of stunted growth among children under five years).
The Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) financing agreement reflects the multisectoral and multidimensional nature of undernourishment and calls for a joint response from five sectors: agriculture, water and sanitation, transport, health and good governance. Each component of the FNS is attached to the lead Ministry for that sector (ie; water and sanitation falls under the remit of the Ministry of Environment, Water and Fisheries) which acts as the main contractor for the multiannual programme.
In order to monitor FNS progress over the five-year implementation period and assess the programme’s impact, the Ministry of Planning, the four sectoral ministries concerned and the European Union Delegation assigned NIRAS the task of creating a baseline study against which results can be evaluated in four key areas: food security; drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; rural mobility; health nutrition; and governance.