Paving the way for large-scale infrastructure investments to secure the transformation of Indonesia’s energy sector

Solar power and windmill turbines

Indonesia has abundant renewable energy potential yet to be fully realised across the archipelago, highlighting the need to link policy reform with new investments.

NIRAS kickstarts project supporting cross-cutting efforts to develop sustainable and efficient energy policies and investments.

February 11, 2020

Indonesia’s energy consumption is among the world’s fastest growing in both percentage and absolute terms. Driven by a booming middle class, it is estimated that the country’s electricity consumption will more than triple by 2030, placing enormous pressure on the grid, increasing energy costs and driving up carbon dioxide emissions. These factors, compounded by over-reliance of the transport sector on oil-based energy products, underscore the critical importance of transforming Indonesia’s energy sector.  

With three sustainable and efficient energy sector initiatives in the pipeline, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has established a technical assistance facility to support project preparation, policy development, and capacity building in an effort to ensure their success.  All three projects – the Sustainable and Inclusive Energy Programme policy-based loan subprogram 3, the Renewable Energy Development Project, and the Sustainable and Efficient Sector Development Program linking policy reform with capital investments – are expected to strength sustainable energy infrastructure and decrease the growth in greenhouse gas emissions in Indonesia.

NIRAS was selected to run the facility for two years until March 2022 thanks to our extensive experience in the energy sector and deep expertise in technical as well as policy for sustainable clean energy development. Working together with the Institute of Essential Services Reform, we will be recruiting 34 electricity and clean energy specialists and project preparation experts on financing, procurement, and safeguards to cover all the activities of the facility.

For details on how NIRAS supports SDG 7 - Access to Affordable and Clean Energy - download our brochure

The NIRAS team will work closely with the Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, the state-owned oil and natural gas corporation PT Pertamina, the Indonesia Infrastructure Guarantee Fund, the Ministry of Finance, the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs, and local governments/ municipalities to build capacity and awareness for sustainable and efficient energy policies, increase investments in on- and off-grid renewable energy generation, and introduce energy efficiency measures. A key focus will be on increasing access to finance for renewable energy and energy efficiency projects, which have been stymied by  incoherent energy policy and planning, subsidized fossil-based energy pricing, inadequate electricity grid and grid balancing capacity, and the absence of investable risk capital and financing.

23 % by 2025

Indonesian target for renewables as share of primary energy supply

48 kWh/m2/day

Indonesia’s significant solar power resources

93 gigawatts/day

Estimated potential for onshore wind energy

NIRAS’s experience in the region, particularly with the implementation of the 10-year Mekong Environment and Energy Programme (EEP) and its associated Challenge Fund, and our previous support to ADB projects, positions us well to take on this assignment which has four key outputs:

  • Support for the formulation of policy and regulatory reforms that create an enabling environment (including financial factors) for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and electric transport investments as well as increased private sector participation via public-private partnerships (PPPs).
  • Development of an energy efficiency investment programme to increase savings though, for example, municipal street lighting and retrofitting buildings and examine the potential for a guarantee fund to enable project bankability.
  • Identification of a renewable energy investment programme to provide access to rural households using off-grid renewables including mini-grids and stand-alone home systems and support for the construction of utility-scale on-grid and/or captive renewable energy generation for industrial and commercial use.
  • Provision of training and enhanced capacity at government agencies and relevant institutions on identifying standards, setting up baselines, addressing financial barriers, as well as institutional strengthening, and knowledge sharing related to PPPs and energy efficiency.

Stay tuned for more news on this project which kicked off earlier this month.


David Shirley

David Shirley

Country Director

Jakarta, Indonesia

Arum Sari

Arum Sari

Project Coordinator

Jakarta, Indonesia