NIRAS is involved in efforts to maintain and develop the popular yet down-at-heel island. Work is already under way for NIRAS' consultants, both on land and in the water.
Most Copenhageners know Paper Island, or “Papirøen” as it is called in Danish, for its popular “Copenhagen Street Food”, and the redevelopment of Paper Island – or Christiansholm as it is also known – has been on the cards for many years.
The island has been developed and expanded numerous times, and several of the quays are old and worn:
“We need to ‘wrap up’ the island to ensure that it is actually able to withstand the new constructions and the impact of the building work,” explains Morten Luther, Project Manager from NIRAS. He is charged with overseeing the project, which involves demolition, environmental management, harbour work, excavation, utilities and infrastructure.
In view of the diversity of the tasks, Morten Luther has enlisted the help of colleagues ranging from road, traffic and marine experts to anthropologists, environmental experts and a map specialist.
To ensure future residents and tourists easy access to the island, parts of the road from Prinsessegade/Danneskiold-Samsøes Allé and to the island itself must be rerouted and raised. This resulted in an unusual cooperation:
“Road specialists at NIRAS initially worked with our anthropologists and urban planners to solve the Gordian Knot around Trangravsbroen bridge. The bridge is special because it has three “legs”, and it is crossed by a throng of cyclists, not to mention tourists and pedestrians, making their way both to Holmen and Paper Island,” explains Anne Gjedved, Expertise Director at NIRAS.
The analysis, in which users were asked how they perceived the area and the current traffic solution, then formed the basis for preparation of the actual road project.
Paper Island generally presents technical challenges, such as old oil-cooled 132kV cables:
“The cables supply large parts of Copenhagen, so we we’re not allowed anywhere near them,” Morten Luther points out.
NIRAS is also working on modernising and bringing new utilities to the island, i.e. district heating, electricity, water and wastewater, all the way out to Trangravsvej, which runs around the island itself.
The project also demanded that Senior Consultant and Commercial Diver Jens Skovsgaard from NIRAS pull on his wetsuit to examine the island’s quayside and prepare a condition assessment.
“Jens dived into the cold water and used ultrasound to measure the thickness of the quay wall,” says Morten Luther.
Demolition experts have also mapped all the buildings and checked them for pollution to ensure that they can be demolished safely. Geotechnicians and environmental experts have completed geotechnical and preliminary environmental studies to assess the soil conditions. And a map specialist has 3D scanned wooden beams from the old halls, which are to be reused in the new halls, as there are no drawings showing their design.
For Paper Island to undergo modernisation – and redevelopment – a construction site is needed:
“We will get around this by filling in on two sides of the island, 10–15 metres out from the island to give us some temporary space,” continues Morten Luther, who is also advising on how to create a cofferdam, a space as large as possible, inside the island.
NIRAS is also designing a 4,000 sqm wooden wharf of varying height around the island to provide recreational areas where visitors can have an ice cream, drink a coffee and enjoy the revamped urban space.